January is Thyroid Awareness Month

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Mega Doctor News

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck. It produces hormones that control the speed of your metabolism – the system that helps the body use energy. Thyroid disorders can slow down or rev up metabolism by disrupting the production of thyroid hormones.

According to Healthline.com, several different disorders can arise when your thyroid produces too much hormone (hyperthyroidism) or not enough (hypothyroidism). 

In hyperthyroidism, the thyroid gland is overactive. It produces too much of its hormone. Hyperthyroidism affects about 1 percent of women. It’s less common in men. Excessive thyroid hormone production leads to symptoms such as:

  • Restlessness
  • Nervousness
  • Racing heart
  • Irritability
  • Increased sweating
  • Shaking
  • Anxiety
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Thin skin
  • Brittle hair and nails
  • Muscle weakness
  • Weight loss

Hypothyroidism is the opposite of hyperthyroidism. The thyroid gland is underactive, and it can’t produce enough of its hormones. Too little thyroid hormone production leads to symptoms such as:

  • Feeling Tired
  • Gaining Weight
  • Feeling Cold
  • Weakness and Aches in Muscles and Joints
  • Hair Loss
  • Itchy and Dry Skin
  • Feeling Down or Depressed
  • Trouble Concentrating or Remembering
  • Constipation
  • Heavy or Irregular Periods

Thyroid disorders are common. About 12% of people will experience abnormal thyroid function at some point during their lives. Women are eight times more likely to develop a thyroid disorder than men. Also, thyroid problems increase with age and may affect adults differently than children.

At the most basic level, the thyroid hormone is responsible for coordinating energy, growth, and metabolism in your body. Problems can occur when this hormone’s levels are too high or low.

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Though in most cases you may not be able to prevent thyroid disease, you can prevent its complications by getting diagnosed right away and following the treatment your doctor prescribes. For more information consult with your doctor.

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